Precocious aging, appearance of wrinkles, cellulites and sagging are some skin problems that usually leave a lot of people standing. The fear of aging makes the search for methods that ameliorate the effects of time more and more.
And that’s where collagen comes in, a protein of animal origin that gives firmness to the skin and can be found in food and even in capsules.
Types of Collagens
A little known fact is that there are at least 16 different types of collagen within the human body. These include collagen types 1, 2, 3, 5 and 10. However, the vast majority of collagen – between 80 and 90 percent – is composed of types 1, 2 and 3.
Type 1: This is the most abundant type and considered the strongest type found in the human body. It is composed of fibers that form parts of the body, including tendons, ligaments, organs and skin. It is very important for the healing of wounds, giving the skin its elastic quality and ‘holding’ the fabric to not tear.
Type 2: Helps primarily build cartilage, which is found in connective tissues. The health of our joints depends on the cartilage made of type 2, which is beneficial in preventing joint pain or the various symptoms of arthritis.
Type 3: It is usually found with type 1 and helps give the skin its elasticity and firmness. It also forms blood vessels and tissues inside the heart. For these reasons, type 3 deficiency has been associated with an increased risk of blood vessel rupture and even early death, according to the results of certain animal studies.
Type 5: This type is needed for the surface of the cells, as well as hair strands and tissues found in the placenta (the organ that develops in the uterus during pregnancy and provides oxygen and nutrients for the growing baby).
Type 10: Helps with new bone formation being beneficial for bone fracture and healing and repair of synovial joints.
What is collagen for?
Basically, collagen helps promote greater elasticity and stamina. For the movements of the body to occur, the tendons and ligaments need to be flexible and, at the same time, also resilient.
Another action of collagen is on the cartilage present between the joints: it prevents bones from hitting each other and causing wear and pain. In the area of aesthetics, collagen is responsible for making our skin look more beautiful, firmer and with less wrinkles.
The amount of collagen in the skin is the big difference between the epithelial tissue of one person with 20 and another with 70 years. Although it is produced naturally by the body, the more time passes, the less collagen we manufacture and, consequently, the lines of expression and sagging tend to appear.
After all, from the age of 30, the production of collagen diminishes and its deficiency begins to be perceived. Therefore, it is important to replace collagen not only for aesthetic factors, but also for its fundamental role in locomotion and the proper functioning of cartilage.
What are the benefits of collagen?
It is not by chance that this substance has become so popular. In addition to the benefits that collagen offers for tendons, ligaments and the entire joint system, it is also ideal for people who have problems like arthritis, osteoarthritis and osteoporosis.
Hydrolyzed collagen reduces protein loss and, therefore, the disease does not progress rapidly, reducing pain and increasing mobility. In addition, different types of collagen provide other benefits, such as:
Promotes skin elasticity
With age, it tends to decrease, and this reduces the elasticity of the skin, resulting in flabby skin and blemishes. And consuming collagen in capsules, bone broths or gelatin helps maintain its elasticity.
Over the years, the expressions that you have made throughout your life begin to show on your face. Exposure to the sun can aggravate the effects, resulting in fine lines, wrinkles and sagging. Injections of this protein will not prevent future wrinkles, but collagen fills wrinkles with effects that can last for months. The treatment is not permanent and will have to be repeated if you want to keep your results.
It can also be used as a filler for scars, particularly those caused by acne. With aging, your skin can heal more easily – and the scars can be deeper and more pronounced. Injecting collagen into the scars can help minimize or even eliminate their appearance.
It is common practice for athletes to ingest amino acids, with the goal of recovering faster and ultimately improving performance. The rich source of amino acids found in collagen from the bone broth or gelatin can provide maintenance of muscle tissue throughout the body.
Some of the most abundant amino acids found in collagen maintain healthy insulin sensitivity. Our ability to remain sensitive to the signals associated with insulin is an important factor in keeping the body fat stock in balance.
In addition to maintaining healthy joints, collagen actually makes up 90% of bone mass. It provides easy digestion of calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, silicon and sulfur which are all essential for a healthy bone matrix.
When You Should Use Collagen
When the person has low levels of collagen in the body, it is indicated that it gives special attention to the foods described above. However, collagen supplements can also be a good request and have no contraindication.
But how to know that you are low in collagen? It’s simple. The body sends us some signals, which can be:
· Increased sagging and loss of elasticity of the skin;
· Decreased hair strands thickness;
· The appearance of wrinkles and lines of expression, especially on the face;
· Appearance of stretch marks and cellulites in greater quantity;
· Sensation of thin and dehydrated skin;
· Decreased bone density, as in cases of osteopenia and osteoporosis;
· Weakening of joints and ligaments.
It is important not to overdo the use of supplementation. Nutritionists recommend about 10 grams of collagen per day. Larger amounts can overwhelm the kidneys, and they do not have any beneficial effect, because all excess collagen is eliminated by the urine.